In the recently published article, “Top Bird-watching Spots in the World,” Costa Rica is listed as one of the best places for bird-watching. The publication also notes Costa Rica as being a key player in combating the extinction of more than 9,800 bird species, which could happen in the next century.
“The Great Backyard Bird Count” (GBBC) reports there are 805 species of birds in Costa Rica. Many are endemic to Costa Rica (they inhabit only one country or region. Source: INBio), such as: the Black-cheeked Ant Tanager, the Gray-Tailed Mountain-gem and the Mangrove Hummingbird, among others.
Costa Rica’s geological formation plays an important role in its abundant bird population. “When earthquakes and volcanic eruptions caused North America and South America to fuse together, Costa Rica was exposed to many northern birds,” notes the article.
According to data obtained from airport surveys conducted by the Directorate General of Immigration, 31.3% of the tourists who entered Costa Rica in 2012 at the Juan Santamaría International Airport engaged in bird-watching. The highest percentage was European visitors, at 52.4%.